Sport Aircraft Process
Privileges & Limitations
Part 103 Preamble
Visibility & Cloud
Visual Approach Slope Indicator (VASI)
The North American Powered Parachute
Federation (NAPPF) and The Aero Sports Connection
In1990 the United States Powered Parachute Association (USPPA) was formed
for the purpose of creating an open forum for everyone with an interest in
Powered Parachutes and promoting safety in the sport. In April 1996 the
USPPA was reorganized as The North American Powered Parachute Federation (NAPPF).
The object of NAPPF is to promote safety; quality of instruction;
enhancement of competency in pilot skills; dissemination and exchange of
information regarding powered parachute aviation to its membership, to other
aviation associations, to the public, and appropriate governmental agencies.
Technological advances and safety concerns in training, operation and in the
manufacture of powered parachutes are of major interest of this
organization. NAPPF is dedicated to serving powered parachuting by fostering
and encouraging individual participation, high standards and access to the
world of flight. The Federation exists to serve its membership and is open
to all who wish to participate. The NAPPF is governed by a Board of
Directors and is in the process of being charted as a 501(c)3 non-profit
organization in the State of Delaware. As a respected leader within the
sport aviation community, NAPPF is recognized by government agencies and
individuals alike as a highly informed organization, knowledgeable in all
aspects of the powered parachuting sport. NAPPF educates and supports
powered parachute enthusiasts at all levels of experience.
The name "North American Powered Parachute Federation" was selected since
it defines our membership and because FAA rules and regulations are not
valid in other countries like they are in the United States and Canada. If
NAPPF can get the approvals being worked for, other countries can then use
these same rules under the ICAO bilateral agreements.
Tne purpose of the NAPPF is to work with the Federal Aviation
Administration for rules and regulations that will considerably expand the
allowed use of powered parachutes. In order to accomplish this effort,
standards needed to be developed which would allow the FAA to produce
regulations that would be approved for use by powered parachutes.
In 1996 NAPPF members developed the "Recreational Pilot Practical Test
Standard for Powered Parachutes" which was accepted and published by the FAA
in June of 1997 and is available from the government printing office. ( pub
NAPPF members have been working closely with the FAA for several years
now to produce the Powered Parachutes Airworthiness Standards.
The manufacturing members of the NAPPF have made considerable safety and
operational improvements as a result of the standards for manufacture that
NAPPF is working on with the FAA.
Since 1993 when the FAA formed the ARAC part 103 working group to look
into possible changes to part 103 and how to handle two place and fat
ultralight operations, NAPPF has been there to protect the privileges that
part 103 has given us ( virtually unrestricted flying of 103 legal vehicles
). NAPPF has been working for reasonable changes to the ultralight rules and
to avoid any adverse changes.
Currently, NAPPF is involved in developing standards with the FAA which
would allow the unrestricted usage of powered parachutes up to four seats
and a maximum of 2700 pounds empty weight with a standard FAA pilot
certificate specifically for powered parachutes. These changes would allow
the use of powered parachutes for commercial purposes as well as
unrestricted passenger carriage. In order to accomplish this NAPPF must
prove to the FAA that these standards are as safe as FAR Part 23 standards
for general aviation aircraft. As an update - the standards for powered
parachute pilots have been prepared by the FAA and are ready for release as
soon as the standards for the vehicle are approved. The current schedule
from the FAA is that the vehicle standards will be published for public
comment in July of this year.
NAPPF’s DEMOCRATIC ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
Membership is open to individuals, companies and corporations who affirm
the objects and established standards of the Federation.
Membership is on an annual basis.
A Board of Directors is elected by the membership:
The Board of Directors consists of fourteen (14) elected Directors, nine
(9) of which are regional Directors and five (5) of which are elected
at-large, as well as one (1) Director appointed by each eligible
manufacturer. A maximum of 5 (five) votes will be apportioned among the
eligible manufacturers appointees.
The Board of Directors elect a President, Vice-President, Secretary and
Treasurer from the members of the Board of Directors who will then serve as
the Board and Federation officers. These officers will perform their duties
prescribed by the bylaw, operating procedures and policies adopted by NAPPF.
Officers serve for one year or until their successors are elected. Their
term of office begins at the close of the annual meeting at which they are
Funding and Disbursements:
NAPPF receives $7.50 per member from the ASC. After modest expenses are
covered and a small amount is set aside for continued operations the bulk of
the Federations income is turned back to the membership in the form of
competition awards ( $4500.00 in 1998 )
Note: Officers and Board members serve without compensation and only
reimbursement of approved expenses.
NAPPF’s relationship to ASC:
The agreement between NAPPF and ASC establishes the basis for the NAPPF
and the ASC to develop and maintain joint activities and programs by which
the two organizations and the ultralight community may mutually benefit
through the use and sharing of capabilities and for the provision of
services which contributes to both organization’s goals and missions. NAPPF
and ASC work jointly to improve ultralight training and safety. Also, ASC provides membership and operating services to NAPPF.
In February of 1994 Mel Blaise who had started the USPPA attended the
USUA annual meeting and had been lead to believe that his request to operate
two place Powered Parachutes under the USUA exemption would be received
favorably and that Powered Parachute instructors could join USUA and operate
under their exemption. However when it came up on the floor it was denied
with the explanation that USUA was a fixed wing organization and had no
knowledge concerning Powered Parachutes.
Until a year or so ago the EAA would only allow their CFI's to train in a
fixed wing ultra light. Due to the efforts of a PPC manufacturer and some
great EAA members, EAA now has a Powered Parachute program. They also use
the Unified Practical Test Standards as published by ASC. As of this date
both ASC and EAA have the same requirements of 25 hours of instruction and
logged flight time before starting on the 10-hour instruction for the
instructor rating. ( Yes EAA did increase the requirements for fixed wing
instructors and have UFI and
UFIE ratings.) Please note, the total of 35 hours is more than is needed
to produce a competent and safe Powered Parachute instructor, as those of
you who teach on a regular basis know.
In October of 1994 a three-day meeting was finally arranged in Chicago
with the major manufacturers and industry leaders. At this meeting various
ways were discussed for operating two place units. There were two good
possibilities, 1- draft a NPRM and send it to the FAA, which was agreed to
and carried out, and 2- Jim Stephenson had just formed the ASC and was
actively petitioning the FAA for an exemption to FAR part 103 for two place
In May on 1995 the FAA issued exemption # 6080 to the ASC. All exemptions
are for a two-year period and then must be renewed by the FAA. The exemption
holder is responsible for enforcement of the conditions and terms under
which the exemption was issued and for reporting to the FAA every six
months. ( please note that USUA recommended that the FAA grant an exemption
to ASC, [per John Ballentine])
MOST OF THE RULES AND REGULATIONS THAT GOVERN US ARE FROM PART 103 AND
ALL ARE MANDATED BY THE FAA, WE ARE OPERATING UNDER AN EXEMPTION TO PART 103
AND WITHIN A VERY NARROW SCOPE
The enforcement of the exemption rules is solely the responsibility of
the ASC as the holder of the exemption, and if they do not enforce the rules
they will lose the exemption and we all lose a way to fly two place
machines! NAPPF members may be requested to serve on the peer review
committee based on their being members of ASC. All powered parachute members
of ASC are also considered members of NAPPF.
The Aero Sports Connection (ASC) was founded in 1994 as a 501(c)4
Michigan corporation. ASC is dedicated to serving ultralight enthusiasts of
all types by fostering and encouraging participation, training and safe
access to the world of ultralight aviation. ASC support office is located in
Marshall, MI. Membership to ASC is open to all who wish to join and
participate. ASC is led by a Board of Directors which is elected by the
membership. The ASC has developed materials and resources which helps it in
attaining its mission to educate ultralight pilots and enthusiasts at all
levels of experience by offering numerous seminars and training programs.
Membership dues: $40.00 annually. Distribution, $7.50 to NAPPF, $20.00
magazine subscription and $12.50 for organizational and operational